Ile Ife, the legendary homeland of the Yoruba people of South- West Nigeria today is a vibrant urban center with institutions, including a major University, Museums, a lively market and business establishments with the 51st Ooni Of Ife. HRM Ooni Adeyeye Enitan Babatunde Akande Ogunwusi, Ojaja 11 (one of the world’s oldest extant monarchies) still as its Traditional Head.
This exhibition of rare Ife artifacts held in Stockholm Sweden highlights Hundreds of sculptures made out of metal, stone and terracotta telling the story of the ancient African civilization of Ile Ife. It highlights Ife’s most prominent era of the 12th to the 15th century.
Yoruba People are not only found in West Africa. Today, many of their decendants live in Brazil, Cuba, Haiti and the USA. Together, they are estimated to be around 40 million.
In 1910, the German Anthropologist Leo Frobenius found the copper cast head said to represent the god Olokun and erroneously attributed it to the ancient Greeks.
The year 1938, however, was a turning point in the understanding of the art of Ife. While constructing a house close to the Ooni’s (Ancestral King of Ile Ife) palace. Many of the copper alloy royal portraits in this exhibition were uncovered.
This discovery confirmed Ife’s place as a World class art-center. Before this, the art was barely known and clearly misunderstood.
These ancient Yoruba artifacts are on constant Travel Exhibitions around the world. They have not been seen in Nigeria in the last four decades.
Possibly ans early 20th- century copy of a 14th- early 15th century original.
Copper alloy, from the Olokun Grove, Ife, Nigeria.
Mask called “Obalufon”
14th-early 15th century. (Copper)
From the Ife Palace, Nigeria.
14- early 15th century. (Copper alloy)
Discovered in 1938 by workmen digging a foundation at Wunmonije Compound, Ife, Nigeria.
Rings of Birds Pecking at Bound Humans
14th- early 15th century (Copper Alloy)
From the Wunmonije Compound, Ile Ife, Nigeria.
The images of vultures pecking at bound humans on this shrine object is a sign that rites were properly performed and accepted by the gods.
Head with Crown (Ori Ade)
12th-15 century (Terracotta)
Found in 1958 during archaeological excavation at Ita Yemo, Ile Ife, Nigeria.
12th-13th century (Terracotta)
From the Iwinrin Grove in 1949, Ile Ife, Nigeria.
12th-15th century (Terracotta)
Discovered in 1961 amid collapsed buildings at Olumobi Compound, Ile Ife, Nigeria.
12-15th century (Terracotta)
Discovered in 1961 when a fuel tank was being set in the ground near the Ibadan Road , Ife, Nigeria.
(L) 12th-15 From the Iwinrin Grove, 1949. Ile Ife.
(R) 17th-19th century. Discovered in 1962 in eroding soil at Ogbon Oya, Ile Ife, Nigeria.
12th- 15th century (Terracotta)
From the Osangangan Obamakin Grove, Ile Ife Nigera.
Ring with Crocodile Heads and Leaves
14th- early 15th century (Copper alloy)
Found in 1943 at Itajero, Ile Ife, Nigeria.
Ile Ife, South West Nigeria.
Till this day, new works which tell us even more about Ife’s history are being discovered.
Bolaji Alonge is an Artiste and International Photographer from Lagos, Nigeria who has been traveling the world for most parts of the last decade documenting exotic cultures, participating in experiences , Tourism, Networking, exchange of ideas and information that sometimes books and the internet do not offer.
-Bolaji Alonge (Dec. 2016)
Photos by: ARL for awefirm.org
Special Gratitude @Skeppsholmens Cavern, Stockholm Sweden.
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